Spanish 1617-1682 Christ on the Cross 1660-70 Oil on canvas 82-1/4 x 44-1/2 in.
In this late painting by Murillo, the luminous figure of Christ appears against an ominous sky. Below him, at the left, the outlines of the city of Jerusalem are visible within the shadowy mists.
According to Christian doctrine, Christ's sacrifice on the cross brought about the possibility of man's redemption from the original sin of Adam. Thus, the skull at the base of the cross suggests Adam and also Golgotha, where the crucifixion occurred. The inscription at the top of the cross reads "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews."